Callao is a city and primary seaport located west of Lima. Extreme contrasts can be seen in Lima and its surroundings, a small proportion of wealthy middle class families live alongside the majority who is living in poor housing and with limited access to healthcare and decent employment
In 2020, poverty in Peru increased to nearly 42% among girls, boys and adolescents. According to a study published in the Lancet, close to 99,000 children in Peru lost a primary caregiver to COVID-19.
Since 2003, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Callao.
Nearly 42% of children under the age of 5 are living in poverty in Peru.
Poverty affects children more than adults, especially children living in rural and indigenous communities. They are most exposed to food insecurity and malnutrition.
Poverty impacts children in many ways: their health and education suffer. Children are particularly vulnerable when they lose the care of the family. They are left to fend for themselves, often without a roof over their head. This leaves them unprotected from violence, exploitation and abuse.
For many children, violence is, sadly, a familiar experience - violence on the streets, in schools and even in their homes.
Girls are more likely to experience domestic violence. Over17% of girls experience violent discipline by parents.
And violence in schools is increasing too. Between 2014 and 2019 students reported 13,017 cases of teacher violence against a student in schools.