Pachacamac is the capital of the Pachacamac District southeast of Lima. Around 110,000 people live here.
Wealth inequality in Peru is one of the highest in the world. Recent figures show that 49% of income was held by the richest 20% of the population. In large part, inequality can be contributed to high levels of rural poverty in Peru.
Building a “Wall of shame”, a six foot wall that divides the richer and poorer areas of the city, was Lima’s response to a wave of migrants from rural areas who built settlement on hillsides on the edge of the city.
Since 1997, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Pachacamac.
Children and young people growing up in Peru experience violence in different settings: on the streets, at school and in their home.
Children who live in poverty, especially in rural areas, have an increased chance of experiencing violence.
There have been a number of studies carried out showing how physical punishment can negatively affect children’s lives in the long term. Families need support so that children can grow up in safe environments.
Children and young people from families at risk are growing up in poverty. Nearly 6% of the population is living on $1.90 a day. The situation is particularly bad in rural areas: nearly half of rural communities are impoverished
Income inequality, the divide between rural and urban areas and low education levels all contribute to Peru’s high poverty levels. Additionally, inequality in Peru is regional, regions with indigenous populations need most support.
Children growing up in poverty, lack access to services, and have scarce educational opportunities.