SOS Children's Village Kaifeng SOS Children's Villages has been working in China since the mid-1980s. Our work developed rapidly all over the country and we have been present in Kaifeng since 1997. China has undergone many changes in the decades since, and yet the need to support vulnerable children and families is as pressing today as it was thirty years ago. Hundreds of thousands continue to live in poverty The SOS Children's Village choir (photo: SOS archives) The city of Kaifeng is situated in Henan province, about ten kilometres south of the Yellow River. Kaifeng was the capital of the Chinese Empire for seven dynasties and is considered one of the cradles of ancient Chinese civilization. Its various historic and cultural sites attract many visitors, and the local government is hoping for an increase in tourism which will improve the lives of the local population. The province's other sources of income and employment are agriculture, industry and commerce. When compared to other regions, Henan, however, remains relatively impoverished. The neighbouring provinces on the coast in contrast are flourishing, and many people from Henan migrate there in search of a better life. According to some reports, areas like Henan receive little support in order to alleviate poverty. People living in the rural areas of the country face particularly bad conditions, but there is also urban poverty in cities like Kaifeng. Children living here are often the first to suffer the consequences of economic and social changes. Households with many members, those where the adults are either unemployed or underemployed, and those with a lower level of education are most likely to be poor. Although in many areas school fees have been abolished, some parents cannot afford the cost of school materials or uniforms - as a result children are not sent to school. Other children, for example those born to unmarried parents, are often not registered with the authorities. This lack of official documentation means that they cannot access many services. Protecting the rights of children In 1991, China signed the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, and has launched several programmes to improve the lives of children. With China's economy opening up to the West, and due to the number of social changes, the need to support children/families in the area became increasingly evident. SOS Children's Village Kaifeng was the sixth to be built in the country and is situated in the largest residential area of Kaifeng City. There is a market, a primary and a secondary school and a hospital nearby. What we do in Kaifeng Children from the SOS Children's Village come together to celebrate their achievements (photo: SOS archives) In addition to advocating the rights of children at a national level, SOS Children's Villages is active in protecting children at a local level in Kaifeng. Children who can no longer live with their families can find a loving home in one of the SOS families. The children grow up with their sisters and brothers in a familial environment full of love, respect and security. The children from the SOS families attend the local schools. As the children grow older they can move into the SOS Youth Programme. With the support of qualified professionals, the young people develop perspectives for their future, learn to shoulder responsibility and increasingly make their own decisions. They are encouraged to develop team spirit and build up contacts with relatives and friends, as well as with the relevant authorities and potential employers.