Kavre is situated near the small towns of Panauti and Banepa, just east of the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu.
Located in a region famous for its historical and religious sites, it is quite attractive for tourism. The area, however, suffered greatly from the devastating eartquake of 2015.In addition, children are particularly vulnerable due to the high rates of child trafficking and child marriage in the region.
Since 1997, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Kavre.
Nepal has the 16th highest rate of child marriages in the world. This means that 40% of women in Nepal were married before the age of 18.
Child marriage is a violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the emotional damage a child suffers from a forced union is profound. There is also an increased risk of child pregnancy and domestic violence.
In the province of Bagmati specifically, where Kavre is located, 19% of girls were married as a child. The national target to end child marriage by 2030 will require a major push from the government.
Children in Nepal are at high risk of becoming victims of human trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation. Nepal continues to be a source, transit and destination country for human trafficking. This has worsened after the devastating earthquake of 2015.
An estimated 12,000 girls from rural areas are trafficked to the Kathmandu Valley to work in so-called dance restaurants or massage parlours, where they are sexually exploited.
Young people, and especially girls, are also the most vulnerable group when it comes to international trafficking: they are often promised employment and a good salary abroad, but often end up in exploitative working conditions.