A politically stable country
Botswana's total population is roughly 2 million and its capital is Gaborone. Nearly forty years of uninterrupted multi-party democracy, constantly rising GDP levels and modern social welfare policies have transformed Botswana into a role model for many other African states.
Waiting for school to begin, Family Strengthening Programme Tlokweng (photo: Michela Morosini)
The country's most important economic resource is diamonds. However, the country has been trying to reduce its economic dependence on diamonds. Exports and services account for roughly 30 per cent of the country's GDP.
Poverty and inequality remain high in spite of Botswana's economic uptrend
The country is characterised by a fairly large middle-class-population, compared to most other African states. At 8.9 per cent of the GDP, Botswana's government is also spending more on education than most other countries in the region. In spite of Botswana's impressive macroeconomic growth, rates of poverty and inequality remain persistently high. 23 per cent of Botswana's population still have to eke out a living on less than 1.25 US dollars a day.
Undernourishment issues also conflict with the country's economic uptrend as 26 per cent of the people in Botswana struggle to cover the daily minimum calorie requirements. Access to decent sanitation facilities is generally good in urban areas but remains precarious in some rural parts of the country.
The HIV/AIDS pandemic that affects Botswana remains the country's main health concern. At 24.8 per cent, the country has one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in the entire world. Apart from the immense human suffering that AIDS is causing, the economic impact of the disease in Botswana is also considerable. HIV/AIDS generally hits adults in their most economically productive years.
Due to increased mortality and chronic illness, the labour force in Botswana is constantly reduced, which in turn affects households and individual families. Because of HIV, life expectancy at birth has dropped noticeably in Botswana and most of Sub-Saharan Africa over the past decades. Nonetheless, the country is making progress: The government has shown a high level of dedication in terms of fighting HIV. HIV treatment programmes in Botswana are highly advanced and anti-retroviral drugs are readily available.
Children are in need of protection
According to UNICEF estimates, there are around 130,000 orphans living in Botswana.
Two brothers, Family Strengthening Programme Tlokweng (photo: Michela Morosini)
93,000 of them have been orphaned due to AIDS. With their parents becoming ill, children are automatically taking on more responsibility within the family.
When their parents die, many of them end up heading households. The socio-economic vulnerability of child-headed households is high. They often have to work in order to earn an income, making it nearly impossible for many of them to attend school.
This is where a vicious circle starts: education is the key to avoid a rampant spread of HIV. Without education, young adults are more likely to contract the disease due to a lack of knowledge on how to prevent an infection in the first place. In Botswana, 16,000 children aged 0-14 are living with HIV. Because of strong social stigma and stereotypes, coming to terms with their HIV status is sometimes very difficult for the young population in Botswana.
Nevertheless, there have been substantial improvements in the field of public health: both the country's infant mortality rate and its under-five-mortality-rate have dropped noticeably over the past 12 years.
ive-mortality rate per 1,000 births has more than halved from 89 in 2003 to 40 in 2011.
SOS Children's Villages in Botswana
Strengthening families: Since 2008, SOS Children's Villages has been strengthening family ties and enabling children who are at risk of losing parental care to grow up in a caring family environment. Many of the families are affected by HIV/AIDS.
Care in families: Children whose families cannot take care of them can find a loving home in one of the SOS families in Francistown, Serowe and Tlokweng.
Support for young people: The high unemployment rate makes it difficult for young people to become independent. The SOS Youth Programmes help young people gain further training and supports them while they look for work, and can live independently.
Education: We run kindergartens in Francistown and Serowe; these are attended by over 200 vulnerable children.
Website of SOS Children's Villages Botswana
(available in English)