The Republic of Chad is a landlocked Sahelian country in north-central Africa. The United Nations lists Chad as one of the least developed countries in the world, where the effects of climate change have contributed drastically to food insecurity . Deteriorating agricultural production means that many Chadians are living in increasingly precarious conditions, especially in rural areas.
Refugees from neighbouring countries make up almost 4% of Chad’s population. The humanitarian crisis was worsened by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children and young people without parental care, or at risk of losing it, in Chad since 2004.
Chad has one of the highest hunger rates in the world: 2.2 million people are undernourished. Among them, almost 1.8 million children under 5 years of age suffer from acute malnutrition.
The communities rely on livestock and agriculture. Agriculture, which is often affected by rains, floods and droughts, produces less than the food needed to feed families. Malnutrition is therefore a problem in both rural and urban regions.
Despite recent efforts made by the government, children in Chad continue to be at risk. Few children continue their education after primary school, though it is mandatory.
Due to economic difficulties, many children have to work. This means that 39% of children between the ages 5 and 17 work. Working conditions are very harsh and can lead to violence, exploitation and child trafficking.
Migration is a major factor contributing to the humanitarian crisis in Chad. Currently over 450,000 refugees from neighboring countries like Sudan, the Central African Republic, and Nigeria live in Chad.
Long-term emergency assistance is needed in the southern and eastern regions of Chad. Efforts to protect asylum seekers’ rights are met with many challenges. Poor living conditions, and limited employment opportunities, also fuel sexual and gender-based violence.