Chosica-Río Hondo is located around 40km east of Peru’s capital city Lima, and the district is home to around 304,000 people
The law in Peru allows children aged 12 – 14 to do light work without having to specify the activities. However, the government estimates that over 1.2 million children aged 5 – 17 are working in hazardous conditions. Limited access to education for many rural families increases the likelihood of forced child labour.
Since 1978, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Chosica Rio Hondo.
According to UNICEF data, 15% of children in Peru are working. This is especially the case in rural areas: younger children start by herding animals and as they get older, the work gets more physically demanding. In some areas, children as young as five must combine domestic chores with work and school.
Working long hours has a negative impact on their ability to attend school and complete homework. As a result, many children drop out of school without completing primary education.
Just under 33% of the population lives on less than $5.50 per day
Poverty amongst indigenous groups is more prevalent Despite Peru’s national economic growth in recent years there are major differences between rural and urban areas, Spanish and non-Spanish speakers and across regions. The Peruvians who are most likely to live in poverty are indigenous, living in rural areas, either in the rural jungle or the Andean highlands.
Children living in these places also face further challenges such as food insecurity and malnutrition.