Nepal is a landlocked country in Asia, bordering India and China. It has a population of around 29 million people. The capital is Kathmandu, where 1.4 million people live.
In spite of rapid political changes in the past decades, Nepal has retained its diverse culture. Although it was officially declared a secular state in 2006, there is a strong influence from both Hinduism and Buddhism.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for approximately three quarters of the population. Tourism is an increasingly important source of income and employment.
SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children and young people without parental care, or at risk of losing it, in Nepal since 1972.
One in every three children aged 5-17 years in Nepal are engaged in labour, and almost all of them are working under dangerous conditions.
Child labour can result in physical and mental harm, and sometimes even death. It can lead to sexual or economic exploitation. In nearly every case, it prevents children from attending school and receiving health care. This restricts their fundamental rights and threatens their futures.
Poor water quality is a major health and nutrition risk for children. Access to safe drinking water remains unequal with big differences between rural and urban areas, as well as between poor and rich.
Poor water and sanitation is the main cause for many infections, such as cholera and other diarrheal diseases. These diseases remain the second leading cause of death for children under the age of five.
Birth registration is important to safeguard individual rights. Children who are not registered at birth cannot access basic rights and services, such as healthcare.
If a child is registered at birth , they.have a legal standing and their rights are protected.
If children don’t have their births registered, it can mean that later on in life, they can be made to enter into marriage, the labour market or even military service before the legal age.