Jorpati is located on the outskirts of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. Around 2.9 million people live in the urban agglomeration of Kathmandu, making it the most populous city of Nepal. It is considered the centre of Nepal’s history, culture, art and economy, attracting tens of thousands of tourists every year.
Poverty, however, is still widespread in the capital, with around 11% of the inhabitants living below the poverty line. This got worse after the earthquake of 2015, which badly hit Kathmandu, destroying 600,000 buildings and killing around 9,000 people.
Since 1983, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Jorpati.
Nepal has the 16th highest rate of child marriages in the world. This means that 40% of women in Nepal were married before the age of 18.
Child marriage is a violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the emotional damage a child suffers from a forced union is profound. There is also an increased risk of child pregnancy and domestic violence.
In the province of Bagmati specifically, where Jorpati is located, 19% of girls were married as a child. The national target to end child marriage by 2030 will require a major push from the government.
There are an estimated 120,000 children living with a disability in Nepal. Of all these children, 30% cannot attend school. Access to treatment and rehabilitation is also limited in Nepal.
Children with disabilities are often socially stigmatized and do not receive the same educational and professional opportunities as other children. In addition, there is often no financial support for families to send their children to a school that is adapted to the child's needs. Although Nepal signed the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2008, there is still a long way to go before children with disabilities enjoy the same human rights, freedoms and protection as children without.