The coastal city of Nha Trang is situated in the Khanh Hoa province on the South Central Coast. It has an estimated 330,000 inhabitants.
Traditionally the area has lived off agriculture and fishing, but in the recent past, tourism has played an increasing role. Nha Trang's beach is among the most well-known and visited beach resorts in Vietnam. A commercial port is being constructed and this is expected to boost the economy of the area further. These developments mean that an increasing number of people are moving to the urban areas of the province.
Since 1999, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Nha Trang.
Although the area around Nha Trang is relatively prosperous in the Vietnamese context, many people, especially those living off agriculture and fishing or those in precarious jobs in urban areas, continue to struggle to meet their basic needs. Ethnic minority families account for 73% of those living in poverty.
The growing tourism and industry sectors have attracted many people to come to live in Nha Trang. Although the families who migrate here dream of a better life, the majority end up living in informal settlements. Children who live in these circumstances face many hardships; many have lost parental care and many more are at risk of losing it.
Over recent decades, climate-related disasters in Vietnam have threatened lives and livelihoods. Located on the coast, Nha Trang is especially vulnerable to flooding. In 2021, natural disasters destroyed thousands of homes, many people were killed or went missing in several coastal provinces including Khanh Hoa province. Displacement and destruction that accompany disasters often puts women and girls at high risk of gender-based violence.
Over 74% of the population of Vietnam are vulnerable to climate change. Reducing poverty and strengthening vulnerable communities will increase their capacity to adapt to climate related disasters.