SOS Children's Village St. Petersburg-Pushkin Since 2000 SOS Children's Villages has been working in Pushkin, just seventeen kilometres south of St. Petersburg. It was the third location in the country where we started providing support to families so that they could stay together. An increasing number of children are losing parental care Children at SOS Children’s Village Oryol-Lavrovo (photo: SOS archives) The city of Pushkin has about 92,700 inhabitants and is located about 17 kilometres south of St Petersburg, which in turn has a population of nearly five million people. Pushkin is well-known for its important cultural and art treasures, for example the summer residences of the Russian Tsars are found here. This cultural heritage can attract up to 7,000 visitors a day in the high season, thus providing the local population with a source of income. Other employment sectors include the mechanical engineering works, food processing plants, and the production of furniture and medical equipment. Although some of the sectors have seen growth in recent years, reform in the region around St. Petersburg has been slower than in the Moscow area. The unemployment rate remains high and many families struggle to make ends meet. Due to the fact that the average income of households has fallen significantly in recent years (for example there was a six per cent drop from November 2008 to November 2009), the standard of living has also deteriorated. Children and elderly people are most affected by poverty. The availability of decent housing is another problem in St. Petersburg - the shortage of accommodation and the rising prices have resulted in many families living in crowded conditions. The city of St. Petersburg has an alarming number of HIV/AIDS infections: it is the highest in the whole of Russia. Stigma and discrimination against HIV/AIDS still exists, and those suffering from the disease find it hard to access health care, education and employment. In many cases other illnesses such as hepatitis or tuberculosis are also present. The number of children and young people affected by the disease has been rising, and a recent survey estimated that around 38 per cent of St. Petersburg's street children are affected. Even if children do not have HIV/AIDS themselves, they suffer if their parents cannot find work or keep a job due to the illness. Unfortunately, many of these children lose parental care. A need for family-based care In the past decades the situation of the people in St. Petersburg has worsened due to the deteriorating social and economic conditions. This has led to an increase in children who have lost parental care as families struggle to meet their basic emotional and physical needs. The local authorities have supported the work that SOS Children's Villages does in the area, even donating the piece of land on which our family homes and social centres are based. What we do in St. Petersburg Life in the SOS Children’s Village has prepared this young university student for independent living (photo: M. Mägi) Strengthen families: SOS Children's Villages offers family strengthening programmes, counselling and psychological support to families and children so that they can stay together. In conjunction with local agencies, we aim to provide children with access to essential services in order to promote their development and enhance their social skills. We offer families advice on parenting skills and training on how to generate an income. We also give them advice so that they can access housing, or state allowances and benefits. Care in families: When children lose parental care they can move into an SOS family where they are cared for by SOS parents. We also have SOS foster families who are living in the village – these families take part in all aspects of life in the village. SOS Children’s Villages provides support to these families, and co-funds them along with the Russian state. The children attend the nearby kindergartens and schools, and take part in local activities. Support for young people: We support young people until they are able to live independently. We give them access to further education and vocational training so that they have the right skills to find a job, or start their own business.